In 1989, the Exxon Valdez oil spill was one of the biggest environmental disasters in history. The spill caused significant damage to the ecosystem and wildlife of Prince William Sound in Alaska, resulting in the loss of numerous livelihoods and businesses.

While the incident is often associated with the absent captain, who had a history of alcohol abuse, it is more important to focus on the navigational errors that occurred on board the Exxon Valdez. Inadequate training and communication among crew members can lead to confusion and errors in helm order execution, which can have disastrous consequences.